The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is a global agreement to combat climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) was one of the countries that signed the agreement. The UAE is a major oil-producing country, but it has taken steps in recent years to diversify its energy sources and reduce its carbon footprint.
The Paris Agreement sets a goal of limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve this goal, each participating country must submit a plan to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, known as a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). The NDC is a voluntary commitment, but it is a key part of the Paris Agreement.
The UAE submitted its NDC in 2016, committing to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 23.5% by 2030, compared to business as usual projections. The country is pursuing a variety of measures to achieve this goal, including increasing the use of renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, and implementing carbon capture and storage technologies. The UAE is also investing in sustainable transportation, sustainable agriculture, and sustainable waste management.
The UAE is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including rising sea levels, increased temperatures, and more frequent and intense heatwaves. The country is taking steps to adapt to these impacts, including improving water management, enhancing infrastructure resilience, and developing early warning systems for extreme weather events.
In addition to its domestic efforts, the UAE is also contributing to global efforts to combat climate change. The country is a member of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and has pledged to invest $150 billion in renewable energy projects by 2050. The UAE is also involved in international climate negotiations and has provided financial support to the Green Climate Fund, which supports climate action in developing countries.
Overall, the UAE`s commitment to the Paris Agreement and its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are an important step in the global fight against climate change. As one of the world`s largest oil producers, the country faces significant challenges in transitioning to a low-carbon economy, but its efforts demonstrate that even countries with resource-intensive economies can take meaningful climate action.